PolyU Entrepreneurship Parade 2018, a glance of the vibrant Hong Kong startup scene

Recently I joined the PolyU Entrepreneurship Parade 2018, where 40 startups supported by the funding programmes of PolyU showcased their projects and successful startup entrepreneurs shared their experience and insights of their startup journeys. The event provided a valuable platform for over 200 startup entrepreneurs and industry professionals to get connected with each other. In the event you could feel the vibrant startup scene in Hong Kong!

In the touring of exhibitions, there was a variety of innovative startup projects and initiatives, in fields as diverse as mobile app management, educational simulation games, martial arts, hearing aid, cultural preservation, green energy generation, etc. A majority of the initiatives utilised state-of-the-art innovation technologies like AI (Artificial Intelligence), robotics, AR (Augmented Reality) and so on. I was excited to see creativity and innovation being adopted in many new disciplines.

There are many local startup incubators such as Science Park and Cyberport. PolyU is one of the largest university-based startup incubators in Hong Kong. It is encouraging to know that since its launch in 2011, it has supported more than 230 startups and 680 entrepreneurs. Hopefully in the future more domain-specific like FinTech incubators can be set up to support more local startups to push forward a smart city.


2018理工大學初創企業巡禮,感受香港初創活力

最近我出席了理工大學二零一八年的初創企業巡禮,典禮上四十間獲理大資助的初創展示其產品和成果,成功的初創企業家在會上分享他們成功的創業經歷。巡禮為逾二百個初創企業家和業內人士提供寶貴的交流平台,互相學習。

巡禮展示了多個不同類型的創新項目,應用領域十分多元化,如手機程式管理、教學遊戲、武術、聽力支援、文化保育、綠色能源等等,大部分項目採用了創新科研技術,如人工智能(Artificial Intelligence)、機械人(Robotics)、擴增實境(Augmented Reality)等等。看到創新技術在越來越多新領域得到使用,真是振奮人心。

本地有許多初創的培育中心,如科學園和數碼港,而理工大學是最大的以大學為本的初創培育中心,自二零一一年創立以來,已支援超過二百三十間初創及六百八十個企業家,期望香港將來有更多針對特定領域的培育中心,例如金融科技培育中心等,提供更專業的支援服務,加強對本地初創的協助,推動香港智慧城市的發展。

Research reveals 1 in 4 of the Hong Kong workforce will lose jobs to artificial intelligence within 20 years

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a hot topic throughout the world over recent years. There have been lots of studies and discussions over how AI can substitute human workforce in so many positions and domains. Three days ago the One Country Two Systems Research Institute published a study on the impacts AI will cause to the Hong Kong market and workforce in the near future.

The study was conducted by Dr. Paul Duckworth with machine learning, which revealed that in the next 10 to 20 years, around 1 million population in Hong Kong will be threatened by 70% chances of being replaced by AI technologies. The affected population will constitute more than one fourth of the total workforce. The study further mentions policies such as universal basic income, robot tax, capital ownership over machines, etc. in better safeguarding the people in employment against AI. However Hong Kong has not developed any comprehensive development strategy concerning AI.

It is noteworthy that the study points out 3 weaknesses of the Hong Kong market against AI to invite more discussions. First, the 4 pillar industries in Hong Kong, namely finance, tourism, trade and logistics, and professional services, while making jobs for almost half of the workforce, are threatened by a rather high risk of being replaced by AI. Second, education on science and mathematics is rather weak, unable to nurture AI talents of the future. Third, workforce engaged in continuous education is low, making them susceptible to risks imposed by advanced technologies.

AI advancement and adoption are inevitable. Hong Kong has stepped up efforts in developing the innovation sector over recent years. For example, the 2018-19 Hong Kong Budget reserves 10 billion HKD alongside a series of initiatives to bolster innovation technology in Hong Kong. There are also supportive incubators for technology startups, such as Science Park and Cyberport that supply funding and help.

However, while help to IT companies has been strengthened, it should be just as vital to prepare citizens for the AI era. It is critical for citizens to understand what AI is capable of, and how AI can be of use to their life and jobs, in order to embrace AI in different domains instead of fearing it. STEM education, namely the curriculum on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, has already been proactively launched across Hong Kong primary and secondary schools to cultivate technology interests and talents in young generations. But it is more difficult for adults to adapt to innovation, so more courses on AI and related areas should be provided to citizens with financial assistance to help them get adapted to AI adoption. A positive and healthy mindset toward AI encourages better transits on the part of citizens, and also allows for a culture conducive to creation and innovation with AI.


人工智能將在未來十至二十年取代香港近一百萬人的工作

近年人工智能(Artificial Intelligence)造成熱議,有關人工智能的研究和討論除了關注其應用外,更多圍繞技術如何在多個工種和範疇取代人類,造成大量失業。兩天前一國兩制研究中心發表一份「人工智能對香港就業市場的衝擊及如何迎接人工智能時代」的研究報告,分析人工智能在未來十至二十年對香港市場勞動力的影響。

研究由保羅·德沃夫博士(Dr. Paul Duckworth)以機械學習(Machine Learning)方式進行,結果顯示在未來十至二十年,香港約一百萬人在工作上面對70%的機會被人工智能取代,被影響人口多於整體勞動人口的四分一。研究亦提及數項保障市民的措施,如全民基本收入、機械人稅、機械資本所有權等等。然而香港現時尚未有任何全面的與人工智能相關的發展策略。

研究報告特別指出現時香港就業市場在面對人工智能的挑戰時存在着三大弱點,期望引起關注及更多討論。第一,香港的四大產業,金融、旅遊、貿易物流和專業服務,雖然為差不多近一半勞動人口帶來就業職位,但卻面臨較高的風險被人工智能取代。第二,科技和數理的教育偏弱,不能為香港未來培育優秀的創研人才。第三,投入可持續發展的人口偏低,其承受高科技衝擊的能力較弱。

人工智能的發展和應用是不能避免的,所以香港近年大力發展創新科技產業,例如二零一八至一九年度的財政預算案就預留了一百億港元外加一系列措施來重點發展本港的創新科技。除此,香港有多個創科培育中心,如科學園和數碼港等,為創新科技初創提供資金和幫助。

在創科公司得到加強的同時,市民亦不應被怱略,讓大眾為人工智能時代做好準備十分重要。具體而言,應讓市民明白人工智能的好處,了解人工智能在生活和工作上能如何得到應用,讓其在不同方面能接納人工智能,而不是一面倒的恐懼或擔憂。近年政府推廣STEM教育,培養中小學生在科學(Science)、技術(Technology)、工程(Engineering)及數學(Mathematics)上的興趣和才能,積極培育下一代的科研潛能,但成年人面對創科發展更難以適從,政府有必要向大眾提供協助,如為市民提供更多人工智能或相關領域的課桯及資金幫助,鼓勵市民接觸和認識,發展正面和健康的心態,不但能幫助其迎接人工智能時代,亦對發展科研文化和氣候有積極作用。

 

Highlights from a Day Trip in Lyon, France (2/3)

I seized the opportunity to pay a visit to TUBA, a co-working space devoted to developing and experimenting innovation projects for smart city. TUBA engages large enterprises, startups and the public to work together to innovate urban solutions especially by harnessing public, private and personal data.

TUBA is truly a role model as an innovation hub, project incubator and open data studio. The work culture and atmosphere are really comfortable and conducive to synergies. In TUBA, data is valued and plays a critical role in connecting project initiators, developers and users. Project initiators can work with experts, data scientists, fellow developers, etc in the hub in innovating using data, and test out new projects with the public. That also means the public can be actively engaged in co-building solutions to drive the smart city development as well.

Building a smart city needs the concerted effort by every city user. TUBA is a good inspiration on how.


一日飽覽里昂風光

遊覽里昂時我不忘抽空參觀TUBÀ,TUBÀ是里昂特別為開發智慧城市項目而設的共享工作中心及數據實驗室,透過共享和應用數據來創新和研發科技項目。TUBÀ把大型企業、初創公司和公眾連繫起來,讓他們在同一工作空間利用公營、私營和個人數據共同創新、發展和實驗智慧城市項目,讓里昂變得更聰明和有效率。

在TUBÀ的體驗讓我大開眼界,身兼創新科研實驗室、項目培育和數據開放中心,TUBÀ是個值得學習的楷模。共享空間讓工作文化和氣氛來得十分輕鬆舒服,對共同協作饒有助益。同時,數據在連結項目發起人、開發人員和使用者上起了關鍵作用,發起人不但可以和不同專家、數據科學家和研發人員共同合作,又能接觸公眾,讓其一起測試、實驗創新項目,如此大眾就能積極參與共同開發以智慧城市為目標的創科項目和解決方案。

建立智慧城市需要每個城市用戶的參與和努力,而TUBÀ即為此提供了一個極具參考意義的做法。